Last updated: 2020-04-25
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Knit directory: social_immunity/
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Rmd | 99649a7 | lukeholman | 2020-04-25 | tweaks |
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html | 4b72d58 | lukeholman | 2020-04-24 | Build site. |
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Rmd | 1ce9e19 | lukeholman | 2020-04-21 | First commit 2020 |
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# All but 1 of these packages can be easily installed from CRAN.
# However it was harder to install the showtext package. On Mac, I did this:
# installed 'homebrew' using Terminal: ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"
# installed 'libpng' using Terminal: brew install libpng
# installed 'showtext' in R using: devtools::install_github("yixuan/showtext")
library(showtext)
library(brms)
library(bayesplot)
library(tidyverse)
library(gridExtra)
library(kableExtra)
library(bayestestR)
library(tidybayes)
library(cowplot)
source("code/helper_functions.R")
# set up nice font for figure
nice_font <- "PT Serif"
font_add_google(name = nice_font, family = nice_font, regular.wt = 400, bold.wt = 700)
showtext_auto()
exp1_treatments <- c("Intact control", "Ringers", "Heat-treated LPS", "LPS")
durations <- read_csv("data/data_collection_sheets/experiment_durations.csv") %>%
filter(experiment == 1) %>% select(-experiment)
outcome_tally <- read_csv(file = "data/clean_data/experiment_1_outcome_tally.csv") %>%
mutate(outcome = replace(outcome, outcome == "Left of own volition", "Left voluntarily")) %>%
mutate(outcome = factor(outcome, levels = c("Stayed inside the hive", "Left voluntarily", "Forced out")),
treatment = factor(treatment, levels = exp1_treatments))
# Re-formatted version of the same data, where each row is an individual bee. We need this format to run the brms model.
data_for_categorical_model <- outcome_tally %>%
mutate(id = 1:n()) %>%
split(.$id) %>%
map(function(x){
if(x$n[1] == 0) return(NULL)
data.frame(
treatment = x$treatment[1],
hive = x$hive[1],
colour = x$colour[1],
outcome = rep(x$outcome[1], x$n))
}) %>% do.call("rbind", .) %>% as_tibble() %>%
arrange(hive, treatment) %>%
mutate(outcome_numeric = as.numeric(outcome),
hive = as.character(hive),
treatment = factor(treatment, levels = exp1_treatments)) %>%
left_join(durations, by = "hive") %>%
mutate(hive = C(factor(hive), sum)) # use sum coding for the factor levels of "hive"
sample_sizes <- data_for_categorical_model %>%
group_by(treatment) %>%
summarise(n = n())
sample_sizes %>%
kable() %>% kable_styling(full_width = FALSE)
treatment | n |
---|---|
Intact control | 321 |
Ringers | 153 |
Heat-treated LPS | 186 |
LPS | 182 |
data_for_categorical_model %>%
group_by(hive, treatment) %>%
summarise(n = n()) %>%
kable() %>% kable_styling(full_width = FALSE)
hive | treatment | n |
---|---|---|
Garden | Intact control | 77 |
Garden | Ringers | 41 |
Garden | Heat-treated LPS | 34 |
Garden | LPS | 37 |
SkyLab | Intact control | 105 |
SkyLab | Heat-treated LPS | 58 |
SkyLab | LPS | 43 |
Zoology | Intact control | 106 |
Zoology | Ringers | 80 |
Zoology | Heat-treated LPS | 67 |
Zoology | LPS | 67 |
Zoology_2 | Intact control | 33 |
Zoology_2 | Ringers | 32 |
Zoology_2 | Heat-treated LPS | 27 |
Zoology_2 | LPS | 35 |
outcome_tally %>%
select(-colour) %>%
kable(digits = 3) %>% kable_styling(full_width = FALSE) %>%
scroll_box(height = "380px")
hive | treatment | outcome | n |
---|---|---|---|
Garden | Heat-treated LPS | Stayed inside the hive | 34 |
Garden | Heat-treated LPS | Left voluntarily | 0 |
Garden | Heat-treated LPS | Forced out | 0 |
Garden | Intact control | Stayed inside the hive | 75 |
Garden | Intact control | Left voluntarily | 0 |
Garden | Intact control | Forced out | 2 |
Garden | LPS | Stayed inside the hive | 37 |
Garden | LPS | Left voluntarily | 0 |
Garden | LPS | Forced out | 0 |
Garden | Ringers | Stayed inside the hive | 41 |
Garden | Ringers | Left voluntarily | 0 |
Garden | Ringers | Forced out | 0 |
SkyLab | Heat-treated LPS | Stayed inside the hive | 47 |
SkyLab | Heat-treated LPS | Left voluntarily | 6 |
SkyLab | Heat-treated LPS | Forced out | 5 |
SkyLab | Intact control | Stayed inside the hive | 102 |
SkyLab | Intact control | Left voluntarily | 3 |
SkyLab | Intact control | Forced out | 0 |
SkyLab | LPS | Stayed inside the hive | 35 |
SkyLab | LPS | Left voluntarily | 6 |
SkyLab | LPS | Forced out | 2 |
Zoology | Heat-treated LPS | Stayed inside the hive | 59 |
Zoology | Heat-treated LPS | Left voluntarily | 1 |
Zoology | Heat-treated LPS | Forced out | 7 |
Zoology | Intact control | Stayed inside the hive | 105 |
Zoology | Intact control | Left voluntarily | 0 |
Zoology | Intact control | Forced out | 1 |
Zoology | LPS | Stayed inside the hive | 60 |
Zoology | LPS | Left voluntarily | 2 |
Zoology | LPS | Forced out | 5 |
Zoology | Ringers | Stayed inside the hive | 74 |
Zoology | Ringers | Left voluntarily | 1 |
Zoology | Ringers | Forced out | 5 |
Zoology_2 | Heat-treated LPS | Stayed inside the hive | 16 |
Zoology_2 | Heat-treated LPS | Left voluntarily | 1 |
Zoology_2 | Heat-treated LPS | Forced out | 10 |
Zoology_2 | Intact control | Stayed inside the hive | 24 |
Zoology_2 | Intact control | Left voluntarily | 1 |
Zoology_2 | Intact control | Forced out | 8 |
Zoology_2 | LPS | Stayed inside the hive | 21 |
Zoology_2 | LPS | Left voluntarily | 2 |
Zoology_2 | LPS | Forced out | 12 |
Zoology_2 | Ringers | Stayed inside the hive | 23 |
Zoology_2 | Ringers | Left voluntarily | 1 |
Zoology_2 | Ringers | Forced out | 8 |
all_hives <- outcome_tally %>%
group_by(treatment, outcome) %>%
summarise(n = sum(n)) %>%
ungroup() %>% mutate(hive = "All hives")
pd <- position_dodge(.3)
outcome_tally %>%
group_by(treatment, outcome) %>%
summarise(n = sum(n)) %>% mutate() %>%
group_by(treatment) %>%
mutate(total_n = sum(n),
percent = 100 * n / sum(n),
SE = sqrt(total_n * (percent/100) * (1-(percent/100)))) %>%
ungroup() %>%
mutate(lowerCI = map_dbl(1:n(), ~ 100 * binom.test(n[.x], total_n[.x])$conf.int[1]),
upperCI = map_dbl(1:n(), ~ 100 * binom.test(n[.x], total_n[.x])$conf.int[2])) %>%
filter(outcome != "Stayed inside the hive") %>%
ggplot(aes(treatment, percent, fill = outcome)) +
geom_errorbar(aes(ymin=lowerCI, ymax=upperCI), position = pd, width = 0) +
geom_point(stat = "identity", position = pd, colour = "grey15", pch = 21, size = 4) +
scale_fill_brewer(palette = "Pastel1", name = "Outcome", direction = -1) +
xlab("Treatment") + ylab("% bees (+95% CIs)") +
theme(legend.position = "top") +
coord_flip()
Version | Author | Date |
---|---|---|
1ce9e19 | lukeholman | 2020-04-21 |
Fit a multinomial logisitic model, with 3 possible outcomes describing what happened to each bee introduced to the hive: stayed inside, left of its own volition, or forced out by the other workers. To assess the effects of our predictor variables, we compare 5 models with different fixed factors, ranking them by posterior model probability.
if(!file.exists("output/exp1_model.rds")){
exp1_model_v1 <- brm(
outcome_numeric ~ treatment * hive + observation_time_minutes,
data = data_for_categorical_model,
prior = c(set_prior("normal(0, 3)", class = "b", dpar = "mu2"),
set_prior("normal(0, 3)", class = "b", dpar = "mu3")),
family = "categorical", save_all_pars = TRUE, sample_prior = TRUE,
chains = 4, cores = 1, iter = 5000, seed = 1)
exp1_model_v2 <- brm(
outcome_numeric ~ treatment + hive + observation_time_minutes,
data = data_for_categorical_model,
prior = c(set_prior("normal(0, 3)", class = "b", dpar = "mu2"),
set_prior("normal(0, 3)", class = "b", dpar = "mu3")),
family = "categorical", save_all_pars = TRUE, sample_prior = TRUE,
chains = 4, cores = 1, iter = 5000, seed = 1)
exp1_model_v3 <- brm(
outcome_numeric ~ hive + observation_time_minutes,
data = data_for_categorical_model,
prior = c(set_prior("normal(0, 3)", class = "b", dpar = "mu2"),
set_prior("normal(0, 3)", class = "b", dpar = "mu3")),
family = "categorical", save_all_pars = TRUE, sample_prior = TRUE,
chains = 4, cores = 1, iter = 5000, seed = 1)
posterior_model_probabilities <- tibble(
Model = c("treatment * hive + observation_time_minutes",
"treatment + hive + observation_time_minutes",
"hive + observation_time_minutes"),
post_prob = as.numeric(post_prob(exp1_model_v1,
exp1_model_v2,
exp1_model_v3))) %>%
arrange(-post_prob)
saveRDS(exp1_model_v2, "output/exp1_model.rds") # save the top model, treatment + hive
saveRDS(posterior_model_probabilities, "output/exp1_post_prob.rds")
}
exp1_model <- readRDS("output/exp1_model.rds")
posterior_model_probabilities <- readRDS("output/exp1_post_prob.rds")
posterior_model_probabilities %>%
kable(digits = 3) %>%
kable_styling(full_width = FALSE)
Model | post_prob |
---|---|
hive + observation_time_minutes | 0.651 |
treatment + hive + observation_time_minutes | 0.349 |
treatment * hive + observation_time_minutes | 0.000 |
The code chunk below wrangles the raw output of the summary()
functions for brms
models into a more readable table of results, and also adds ‘Bayesian p-values’ (i.e. the posterior probability that the true effect size has the same sign as the reported effect).
tableS1 <- get_fixed_effects_with_p_values(exp1_model) %>%
mutate(mu = map_chr(str_extract_all(Parameter, "mu[:digit:]"), ~ .x[1]),
Parameter = str_remove_all(Parameter, "mu[:digit:]_"),
Parameter = str_replace_all(Parameter, "treatment", "Treatment: "),
Parameter = str_replace_all(Parameter, "HeatMtreatedLPS", "Heat-treated LPS"),
Parameter = str_replace_all(Parameter, "observation_time_minutes", "Observation duration (minutes)")) %>%
arrange(mu) %>%
select(-mu, -Rhat, -Bulk_ESS, -Tail_ESS)
names(tableS1)[3:5] <- c("Est. Error", "Lower 95% CI", "Upper 95% CI")
saveRDS(tableS1, file = "figures/tableS1.rds")
tableS1 %>%
kable(digits = 3) %>%
kable_styling(full_width = FALSE) %>%
pack_rows("% bees leaving voluntarily", 1, 8) %>%
pack_rows("% bees forced out", 9, 16)
Parameter | Estimate | Est. Error | Lower 95% CI | Upper 95% CI | p | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
% bees leaving voluntarily | ||||||
Intercept | -14.866 | 9.431 | -35.346 | 2.072 | 0.045 | * |
Treatment: Ringers | 0.658 | 0.970 | -1.395 | 2.433 | 0.232 | |
Treatment: Heat-treated LPS | 1.298 | 0.612 | 0.126 | 2.530 | 0.015 | * |
Treatment: LPS | 1.681 | 0.602 | 0.532 | 2.902 | 0.002 | ** |
hive1 | -1.514 | 2.617 | -6.596 | 3.576 | 0.281 | |
hive2 | 3.127 | 1.480 | 0.836 | 6.624 | 0.001 | ** |
hive3 | -1.520 | 1.602 | -4.785 | 1.564 | 0.172 | |
Observation duration (minutes) | 0.091 | 0.090 | -0.073 | 0.284 | 0.148 | |
% bees forced out | ||||||
Intercept | -7.403 | 6.705 | -20.821 | 5.738 | 0.134 | |
Treatment: Ringers | 0.552 | 0.453 | -0.341 | 1.445 | 0.114 | |
Treatment: Heat-treated LPS | 1.298 | 0.406 | 0.520 | 2.097 | 0.000 | *** |
Treatment: LPS | 0.965 | 0.419 | 0.161 | 1.797 | 0.011 | * |
hive1 | -0.394 | 2.523 | -5.315 | 4.675 | 0.437 | |
hive2 | -0.115 | 0.654 | -1.392 | 1.160 | 0.431 | |
hive3 | -0.762 | 1.518 | -3.826 | 2.200 | 0.309 | |
Observation duration (minutes) | 0.038 | 0.068 | -0.095 | 0.176 | 0.288 |
Table S1: Table summarising the posterior estimates of each fixed effect in the best-fitting model of Experiment 1. This was a multinomial model with three possible outcomes (stay inside, leave voluntarily, be forced out), and so there are two parameter estimates for the intercept and for each predictor in the model. ‘Treatment’ is a fixed factor with four levels, and the effects shown here are expressed relative to the ‘Intact control’ group. ‘Hive’ was also a fixed factor with four levels; unlike for treatment, we modelled hive using deviation coding, such that the intercept term represents the mean across all hives (in the intact control treatment), and the three hive terms represent the deviation from this mean for three of the four hives. Lastly, observation duration was a continuous variable expressed to the nearest minute. The \(p\) column gives the posterior probability that the true effect size is opposite in sign to what is reported in the Estimate column, similarly to a \(p\)-value.
get_posterior_preds <- function(hive){
new <- expand.grid(treatment = levels(data_for_categorical_model$treatment),
hive = hive,
observation_time_minutes = 120)
preds <- fitted(exp1_model, newdata = new, summary = FALSE)
dimnames(preds) <- list(NULL, new[,1], NULL)
rbind(
as.data.frame(preds[,, 1]) %>% mutate(outcome = "Stayed inside the hive", posterior_sample = 1:n()),
as.data.frame(preds[,, 2]) %>% mutate(outcome = "Left voluntarily", posterior_sample = 1:n()),
as.data.frame(preds[,, 3]) %>% mutate(outcome = "Forced out", posterior_sample = 1:n())) %>%
gather(treatment, prop, `Intact control`, Ringers, `Heat-treated LPS`, LPS) %>%
mutate(outcome = factor(outcome, c("Stayed inside the hive", "Left voluntarily", "Forced out")),
treatment = factor(treatment, c("Intact control", "Ringers", "Heat-treated LPS", "LPS"))) %>%
as_tibble() %>% arrange(treatment, outcome)
}
# plotting data for panel A: one specific hive
plotting_data <- get_posterior_preds(hive = "Zoology")
# stats data: for panel B and the table of stats
stats_data <- get_posterior_preds(hive = NA)
cols <- c("#34558b", "#4ec5a5", "#ffaf12")
dot_plot <- plotting_data %>%
left_join(sample_sizes, by = "treatment") %>%
arrange(treatment) %>%
mutate(outcome = str_replace_all(outcome, "Stayed inside the hive", "Stayed inside"),
outcome = factor(outcome, c("Stayed inside", "Left voluntarily", "Forced out")),
treatment = factor(paste(treatment, "\n(n = ", n, ")", sep = ""),
unique(paste(treatment, "\n(n = ", n, ")", sep = "")))) %>%
ggplot(aes(100 * prop, treatment)) +
stat_dotsh(quantiles = 100, fill = "grey40", colour = "grey40") +
stat_pointintervalh(aes(colour = outcome, fill = outcome),
.width = c(0.5, 0.95),
position = position_nudge(y = -0.07),
point_colour = "grey26", pch = 21, stroke = 0.4) +
scale_colour_manual(values = cols) +
scale_fill_manual(values = cols) +
facet_wrap( ~ outcome, scales = "free_x") +
xlab("% bees (posterior estimate)") + ylab("Treatment") +
theme_bw() +
coord_cartesian(ylim=c(1.4, 4)) +
theme(
text = element_text(family = nice_font),
strip.background = element_rect(fill = "#eff0f1"),
panel.grid.major.y = element_blank(),
legend.position = "none"
)
# positive effect = odds of this outcome are higher for trt2 than trt1 (put control as trt1)
get_log_odds <- function(trt1, trt2){
log((trt2 / (1 - trt2) / (trt1 / (1 - trt1))))
}
LOR <- stats_data %>%
spread(treatment, prop) %>%
mutate(LOR_intact_Ringers = get_log_odds(`Intact control`, Ringers),
LOR_intact_heat = get_log_odds(`Intact control`, `Heat-treated LPS`),
LOR_intact_LPS = get_log_odds(`Intact control`, LPS),
LOR_Ringers_heat = get_log_odds(Ringers, `Heat-treated LPS`),
LOR_Ringers_LPS = get_log_odds(Ringers, LPS),
LOR_heat_LPS = get_log_odds(`Heat-treated LPS`, LPS)) %>%
select(posterior_sample, outcome, starts_with("LOR")) %>%
gather(LOR, comparison, starts_with("LOR")) %>%
mutate(LOR = str_remove_all(LOR, "LOR_"),
LOR = str_replace_all(LOR, "heat_LPS", "LPS\n(Heat-treated LPS)"),
LOR = str_replace_all(LOR, "Ringers_LPS", "LPS\n(Ringers)"),
LOR = str_replace_all(LOR, "Ringers_heat", "Heat-treated LPS\n(Ringers)"),
LOR = str_replace_all(LOR, "intact_Ringers", "Ringers\n(Intact control)"),
LOR = str_replace_all(LOR, "intact_heat", "Heat-treated LPS\n(Intact control)"),
LOR = str_replace_all(LOR, "intact_LPS", "LPS\n(Intact control)"))
levs <- LOR$LOR %>% unique() %>% sort()
LOR$LOR <- factor(LOR$LOR, rev(levs[c(3,5,4,2,1,6)]))
LOR_plot <- LOR %>%
mutate(outcome = str_replace_all(outcome, "Stayed inside the hive", "Stayed inside"),
outcome = factor(outcome, levels = rev(c("Forced out", "Left voluntarily", "Stayed inside")))) %>%
ggplot(aes(comparison, y = LOR, colour = outcome)) +
geom_vline(xintercept = 0, linetype = 2) +
geom_vline(xintercept = log(2), linetype = 2, colour = "pink") +
geom_vline(xintercept = -log(2), linetype = 2, colour = "pink") +
stat_pointintervalh(aes(colour = outcome, fill = outcome),
.width = c(0.5, 0.95),
position = position_dodge(0.5),
point_colour = "grey26", pch = 21, stroke = 0.4) +
scale_colour_manual(values = cols) +
scale_fill_manual(values = cols) +
xlab("Effect size (posterior log odds ratio)") + ylab("Treatment (reference)") +
theme_bw() +
theme(
text = element_text(family = nice_font),
panel.grid.major.y = element_blank(),
legend.position = "none"
)
p <- cowplot::plot_grid(plotlist = list(dot_plot, LOR_plot), labels = c("A", "B"),
nrow = 2, align = 'v', axis = 'l', rel_heights = c(1.4, 1))
ggsave(plot = p, filename = "figures/fig1.pdf", height = 7, width = 4.7)
p
Figure 1: Panel A shows the posterior estimate of the mean % bees staying inside the hive (left), leaving voluntarily (middle), or being forced out (right), for each of the four treatments. The quantile dot plot shows 100 approximately equally likely estimates of the true % bees, and the horizontal bars show the median and the 50% and 95% credible intervals of the posterior distribution. Panel B gives the posterior estimates of the effect size of each treatment, relative to one of the other treatments (the name of which appears in parentheses), and expressed as a log odds ratio (LOR). Positive LOR indicates that the % bees showing this particular outcome is higher in the treatment than the control; for example, more bees left voluntarily (green) or were forced out (orange) in the LPS treatment than in the intact control. The dashed lines mark \(LOR = 0\), indicating no effect, and \(LOR = \pm log(2)\), i.e. the point at which the odds are twice as high in one treatment as the other. For clarity, the estimates plotted in panel A are for one specific hive (the % bees staying inside varied considerably across hives), while the effect sizes in panel B (and the statistics in Table S2) were calculated on the global means for each treatment across hives.
This section calculates the posterior difference in treatment group means, in order to perform some null hypothesis testing, calculate effect size (as a log odds ratio), and calculate the 95% credible intervals on the effect size.
The following code chunks perform planned contrasts between pairs of treatments that we consider important to the biological hypotheses under test. For example the contrast between the LPS treatment and the Ringers treatment provides information about the effect of immmune stimulation, while the Ringers - Intact Control contrast provides information about the effect of wounding in the absence of LPS.
# Helper function to summarise a posterior, including calculating
# p_direction, i.e. the posterior probability that the effect size has the stated direction,
# which has a similar interpretation to a one-tailed p-value
my_summary <- function(df, columns) {
lapply(columns, function(x){
p <- 1 - (df %>% pull(!! x) %>%
bayestestR::p_direction() %>% as.numeric())
df %>% pull(!! x) %>% posterior_summary() %>% as_tibble() %>%
mutate(p=p) %>% mutate(Metric = x) %>% select(Metric, everything()) %>%
mutate(` ` = ifelse(p < 0.1, "~", ""),
` ` = replace(` `, p < 0.05, "\\*"),
` ` = replace(` `, p < 0.01, "**"),
` ` = replace(` `, p < 0.001, "***"),
` ` = replace(` `, p == " ", ""))
}) %>% do.call("rbind", .)
}
# Helper to make one unit of the big stats table
make_stats_table <- function(
dat, groupA, groupB, comparison, metric){
output <- dat %>%
spread(treatment, prop) %>%
mutate(
metric_here = 100 * (!! enquo(groupB) - !! enquo(groupA)),
`Log odds ratio` = get_log_odds(!! enquo(groupA), !! enquo(groupB))) %>%
my_summary(c("metric_here", "Log odds ratio")) %>%
mutate(p = c(" ", format(round(p[2], 4), nsmall = 4)),
` ` = c(" ", ` `[2]),
Comparison = comparison) %>%
select(Comparison, everything()) %>%
mutate(Metric = replace(Metric, Metric == "metric_here", metric))
names(output)[names(output) == "metric_here"] <- metric
output
}
stayed_inside_stats_table <- rbind(
stats_data %>%
filter(outcome == "Stayed inside the hive") %>%
make_stats_table(`Heat-treated LPS`, `LPS`, "LPS (Heat-treated LPS)",
metric = "Absolute difference in % bees staying inside the hive"),
stats_data %>%
filter(outcome == "Stayed inside the hive") %>%
make_stats_table(`Ringers`, `LPS`, "LPS (Ringers)",
metric = "Absolute difference in % bees staying inside the hive"),
stats_data %>%
filter(outcome == "Stayed inside the hive") %>%
make_stats_table(`Intact control`, `LPS`, "LPS (Intact control)",
metric = "Absolute difference in % bees staying inside the hive"),
stats_data %>%
filter(outcome == "Stayed inside the hive") %>%
make_stats_table(`Ringers`, `Heat-treated LPS`, "Heat-treated LPS (Ringers)",
metric = "Absolute difference in % bees staying inside the hive"),
stats_data %>%
filter(outcome == "Stayed inside the hive") %>%
make_stats_table(`Intact control`, `Heat-treated LPS`, "Heat-treated LPS (Intact control)",
metric = "Absolute difference in % bees staying inside the hive"),
stats_data %>%
filter(outcome == "Stayed inside the hive") %>%
make_stats_table(`Intact control`, `Ringers`, "Ringers (Intact control)",
metric = "Absolute difference in % bees staying inside the hive")
) %>% as_tibble()
stayed_inside_stats_table[c(2,4,6,8,10,12), 1] <- " "
voluntary_stats_table <- rbind(
stats_data %>%
filter(outcome == "Left voluntarily") %>%
make_stats_table(`Heat-treated LPS`, `LPS`,
"LPS (Heat-treated LPS)",
metric = "Absolute difference in % bees that left voluntarily"),
stats_data %>%
filter(outcome == "Left voluntarily") %>%
make_stats_table(`Ringers`, `LPS`,
"LPS (Ringers)",
metric = "Absolute difference in % bees that left voluntarily"),
stats_data %>%
filter(outcome == "Left voluntarily") %>%
make_stats_table(`Intact control`, `LPS`,
"LPS (Intact control)",
metric = "Absolute difference in % bees that left voluntarily"),
stats_data %>%
filter(outcome == "Left voluntarily") %>%
make_stats_table(`Ringers`, `Heat-treated LPS`,
"Heat-treated LPS (Ringers)",
metric = "Absolute difference in % bees that left voluntarily"),
stats_data %>%
filter(outcome == "Left voluntarily") %>%
make_stats_table(`Intact control`, `Heat-treated LPS`,
"Heat-treated LPS (Intact control)",
metric = "Absolute difference in % bees that left voluntarily"),
stats_data %>%
filter(outcome == "Left voluntarily") %>%
make_stats_table(`Intact control`, `Ringers`,
"Ringers (Intact control)",
metric = "Absolute difference in % bees that left voluntarily")
) %>% as_tibble()
voluntary_stats_table[c(2,4,6,8,10,12), 1] <- " "
forced_out_stats_table <- rbind(
stats_data %>%
filter(outcome == "Forced out") %>%
make_stats_table(`Heat-treated LPS`, `LPS`,
"LPS (Heat-treated LPS)",
metric = "Absolute difference in % bees that were forced out"),
stats_data %>%
filter(outcome == "Forced out") %>%
make_stats_table(`Ringers`, `LPS`,
"LPS (Ringers)",
metric = "Absolute difference in % bees that were forced out"),
stats_data %>%
filter(outcome == "Forced out") %>%
make_stats_table(`Intact control`, `LPS`,
"LPS (Intact control)",
metric = "Absolute difference in % bees that were forced out"),
stats_data %>%
filter(outcome == "Forced out") %>%
make_stats_table(`Ringers`, `Heat-treated LPS`,
"Heat-treated LPS (Ringers)",
metric = "Absolute difference in % bees that were forced out"),
stats_data %>%
filter(outcome == "Forced out") %>%
make_stats_table(`Intact control`, `Heat-treated LPS`,
"Heat-treated LPS (Intact control)",
metric = "Absolute difference in % bees that were forced out"),
stats_data %>%
filter(outcome == "Left voluntarily") %>%
make_stats_table(`Intact control`, `Ringers`, "Ringers (Intact control)",
metric = "Absolute difference in % bees that were forced out")
) %>% as_tibble()
forced_out_stats_table[c(2,4,6,8,10,12), 1] <- " "
Table S2: This table gives statistics associated with each of the contrasts plotted in Figure 1B. Each pair of rows gives the absolute and standardised effect size (as log odds ratio; LOR) for the focal treatment, relative to the treatment shown in parentheses, for one of the three possible outcomes (stayed inside, left voluntarily, or forced out). A LOR of \(|log(x)|\) indicates that the outcome is \(x\) times more frequent in one treatment compared to the other, e.g. \(|log(2) = 0.69|\) indicates a two-fold difference in frequency. The \(p\) column gives the posterior probability that the true effect size has the same sign as is shown in the Estimate column; this metric has a similar interpretation to a one-tailed \(p\) value in frequentist statistics.
bind_rows(
stayed_inside_stats_table,
voluntary_stats_table,
forced_out_stats_table) %>%
kable(digits = 2) %>% kable_styling(full_width = FALSE) %>%
row_spec(seq(2,36,by=2), extra_css = "border-bottom: solid;") %>%
pack_rows("% bees staying inside", 1, 12) %>%
pack_rows("% bees leaving voluntarily", 13, 24) %>%
pack_rows("% bees forced out", 25, 36)
Comparison | Metric | Estimate | Est.Error | Q2.5 | Q97.5 | p | |
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|
% bees staying inside | |||||||
LPS (Heat-treated LPS) | Absolute difference in % bees staying inside the hive | 0.98 | 8.09 | -17.01 | 17.18 | ||
Log odds ratio | 0.05 | 0.43 | -0.90 | 0.85 | 0.4255 | ||
LPS (Ringers) | Absolute difference in % bees staying inside the hive | -9.54 | 9.87 | -33.80 | 5.35 | ||
Log odds ratio | -0.62 | 0.54 | -1.82 | 0.33 | 0.1047 | ||
LPS (Intact control) | Absolute difference in % bees staying inside the hive | -17.27 | 10.86 | -42.03 | -1.89 | ||
Log odds ratio | -1.23 | 0.46 | -2.21 | -0.38 | 0.0021 | ** | |
Heat-treated LPS (Ringers) | Absolute difference in % bees staying inside the hive | -10.52 | 9.66 | -31.87 | 5.76 | ||
Log odds ratio | -0.68 | 0.51 | -1.69 | 0.37 | 0.0840 | ~ | |
Heat-treated LPS (Intact control) | Absolute difference in % bees staying inside the hive | -18.25 | 10.72 | -40.41 | -2.13 | ||
Log odds ratio | -1.29 | 0.40 | -2.09 | -0.49 | 0.0021 | ** | |
Ringers (Intact control) | Absolute difference in % bees staying inside the hive | -7.73 | 8.93 | -29.75 | 4.96 | ||
Log odds ratio | -0.61 | 0.54 | -1.70 | 0.44 | 0.1158 | ||
% bees leaving voluntarily | |||||||
LPS (Heat-treated LPS) | Absolute difference in % bees that left voluntarily | 3.64 | 6.63 | -5.35 | 22.30 | ||
Log odds ratio | 0.46 | 0.53 | -0.56 | 1.52 | 0.1919 | ||
LPS (Ringers) | Absolute difference in % bees that left voluntarily | 6.27 | 10.01 | -5.24 | 35.00 | ||
Log odds ratio | 0.95 | 0.90 | -0.64 | 2.82 | 0.1396 | ||
LPS (Intact control) | Absolute difference in % bees that left voluntarily | 9.51 | 11.02 | 0.13 | 40.61 | ||
Log odds ratio | 1.53 | 0.63 | 0.28 | 2.77 | 0.0091 | ** | |
Heat-treated LPS (Ringers) | Absolute difference in % bees that left voluntarily | 2.64 | 8.40 | -11.88 | 25.56 | ||
Log odds ratio | 0.49 | 0.94 | -1.20 | 2.46 | 0.3086 | ||
Heat-treated LPS (Intact control) | Absolute difference in % bees that left voluntarily | 5.87 | 8.33 | -0.48 | 30.99 | ||
Log odds ratio | 1.07 | 0.66 | -0.25 | 2.38 | 0.0546 | ~ | |
Ringers (Intact control) | Absolute difference in % bees that left voluntarily | 3.23 | 7.79 | -6.36 | 26.72 | ||
Log odds ratio | 0.58 | 0.98 | -1.47 | 2.37 | 0.2559 | ||
% bees forced out | |||||||
LPS (Heat-treated LPS) | Absolute difference in % bees that were forced out | -4.62 | 6.30 | -20.93 | 4.80 | ||
Log odds ratio | -0.39 | 0.39 | -1.19 | 0.36 | 0.1601 | ||
LPS (Ringers) | Absolute difference in % bees that were forced out | 3.27 | 6.31 | -7.38 | 19.17 | ||
Log odds ratio | 0.30 | 0.46 | -0.64 | 1.18 | 0.2446 | ||
LPS (Intact control) | Absolute difference in % bees that were forced out | 7.76 | 8.27 | -0.83 | 28.69 | ||
Log odds ratio | 0.80 | 0.48 | -0.21 | 1.71 | 0.0535 | ~ | |
Heat-treated LPS (Ringers) | Absolute difference in % bees that were forced out | 7.88 | 7.87 | -1.34 | 27.16 | ||
Log odds ratio | 0.69 | 0.44 | -0.18 | 1.53 | 0.0556 | ~ | |
Heat-treated LPS (Intact control) | Absolute difference in % bees that were forced out | 12.38 | 10.49 | 0.32 | 36.95 | ||
Log odds ratio | 1.18 | 0.44 | 0.29 | 2.03 | 0.0078 | ** | |
Ringers (Intact control) | Absolute difference in % bees that were forced out | 3.23 | 7.79 | -6.36 | 26.72 | ||
Log odds ratio | 0.58 | 0.98 | -1.47 | 2.37 | 0.2559 |
sessionInfo()
R version 3.6.3 (2020-02-29)
Platform: x86_64-apple-darwin15.6.0 (64-bit)
Running under: macOS Catalina 10.15.4
Matrix products: default
BLAS: /Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/3.6/Resources/lib/libRblas.0.dylib
LAPACK: /Library/Frameworks/R.framework/Versions/3.6/Resources/lib/libRlapack.dylib
locale:
[1] en_AU.UTF-8/en_AU.UTF-8/en_AU.UTF-8/C/en_AU.UTF-8/en_AU.UTF-8
attached base packages:
[1] stats graphics grDevices utils datasets methods base
other attached packages:
[1] cowplot_1.0.0 tidybayes_2.0.1 bayestestR_0.5.1 kableExtra_1.1.0
[5] gridExtra_2.3 forcats_0.5.0 stringr_1.4.0 dplyr_0.8.5
[9] purrr_0.3.3 readr_1.3.1 tidyr_1.0.2 tibble_3.0.0
[13] ggplot2_3.3.0 tidyverse_1.3.0 bayesplot_1.7.1 brms_2.12.0
[17] Rcpp_1.0.3 showtext_0.7-1 showtextdb_2.0 sysfonts_0.8
[21] workflowr_1.6.0
loaded via a namespace (and not attached):
[1] colorspace_1.4-1 ellipsis_0.3.0 ggridges_0.5.2
[4] rsconnect_0.8.16 rprojroot_1.3-2 markdown_1.1
[7] base64enc_0.1-3 fs_1.3.1 rstudioapi_0.11
[10] farver_2.0.3 rstan_2.19.3 svUnit_0.7-12
[13] DT_0.13 fansi_0.4.1 mvtnorm_1.1-0
[16] lubridate_1.7.8 xml2_1.3.1 bridgesampling_1.0-0
[19] knitr_1.28 shinythemes_1.1.2 jsonlite_1.6.1
[22] broom_0.5.4 dbplyr_1.4.2 shiny_1.4.0
[25] compiler_3.6.3 httr_1.4.1 backports_1.1.6
[28] assertthat_0.2.1 Matrix_1.2-18 fastmap_1.0.1
[31] cli_2.0.2 later_1.0.0 htmltools_0.4.0
[34] prettyunits_1.1.1 tools_3.6.3 igraph_1.2.5
[37] coda_0.19-3 gtable_0.3.0 glue_1.4.0
[40] reshape2_1.4.4 cellranger_1.1.0 vctrs_0.2.4
[43] nlme_3.1-147 crosstalk_1.1.0.1 insight_0.8.1
[46] xfun_0.13 ps_1.3.0 rvest_0.3.5
[49] mime_0.9 miniUI_0.1.1.1 lifecycle_0.2.0
[52] gtools_3.8.2 zoo_1.8-7 scales_1.1.0
[55] colourpicker_1.0 hms_0.5.3 promises_1.1.0
[58] Brobdingnag_1.2-6 parallel_3.6.3 inline_0.3.15
[61] RColorBrewer_1.1-2 shinystan_2.5.0 curl_4.3
[64] yaml_2.2.1 loo_2.2.0 StanHeaders_2.19.2
[67] stringi_1.4.6 highr_0.8 dygraphs_1.1.1.6
[70] pkgbuild_1.0.6 rlang_0.4.5 pkgconfig_2.0.3
[73] matrixStats_0.56.0 evaluate_0.14 lattice_0.20-41
[76] labeling_0.3 rstantools_2.0.0 htmlwidgets_1.5.1
[79] processx_3.4.2 tidyselect_1.0.0 plyr_1.8.6
[82] magrittr_1.5 R6_2.4.1 generics_0.0.2
[85] DBI_1.1.0 pillar_1.4.3 haven_2.2.0
[88] whisker_0.4 withr_2.1.2 xts_0.12-0
[91] abind_1.4-5 modelr_0.1.5 crayon_1.3.4
[94] arrayhelpers_1.1-0 rmarkdown_2.1 grid_3.6.3
[97] readxl_1.3.1 callr_3.4.3 git2r_0.26.1
[100] threejs_0.3.3 reprex_0.3.0 digest_0.6.25
[103] webshot_0.5.2 xtable_1.8-4 httpuv_1.5.2
[106] stats4_3.6.3 munsell_0.5.0 viridisLite_0.3.0
[109] shinyjs_1.1